Rabu, Agustus 22, 2018
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The Speech Act And Communication Strategy In Children Of 3-5 Years Old (A Case Study Of The Children Of 3-5 Years Old In Semarang)

Background of the Study

In order to communicate with others, people use language. They always share their ideas to the others. This also happens to the children under five years old. They use their first language to communicate with the people around them.

In the age under five years old, the children have mastered at least 200-300 words. After getting their first language acquisition, they try to talk to the others. However, what the children speak or utter always depends on what they needed or what they wanted. In the other words, it is all about them, about their ego.

The children under five years old will use their first language acquisition to get the attention of the people around them. They try to utter in the way that they know.

In order to convey the children meaning or intention, they also show an act in their speech. This is called as a speech act. Speech act is the things which people usually do while they are speaking. Speech acts also known as the minimal unit of speaking.

Besides showing the act of their speech, the children under five years old also use strategy in their speech. The following is the example of the speech of the children. The following conversation is the conversation between children in the age of three years old with his/her mother.

Ibu : Adek makan sayur ya…
Anak : Emoh, aku ngga mau makan sayur.
Mother : Adek, eat the vegetable, okay…
Child : No, I don’t want to eat it

The conversation above shows the illocutionary act of refusal. The child uses bald on record strategy to refuse his/her mother offering.

The development of the use of speech act and strategy are related to the growth of the children and the children cognitive.

The following example is the conversation of the children in the age of four with her/his mother.

Ibu : Adek makan sayur ya…
Anak : Bu, sayurnya ngga enak.
Mother : Adek, eat the vegetable, okay.
Child : Mom, the vegetable is not tasty

The conversation above shows that the child uses the indirect illocutionary act of refusal. S/he uses the off record strategy to respond her/his mother utterance.

According to the situation above, it can be seen that the four years old children use different communication strategy from the three years old children. The writer tries to analyze the speech act and strategy of the children under five years old.

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